Am I Suitable for Treatment?
If you have broken blood vessels on your face and are not contraindicated you are suitable for diathermy. Dr Natalia Bratu will have a full consultation with you to assess you for suitability. At this consultation you will have an opportunity to discuss facial areas of concern, the results you expect post-treatment, and your pre-treatment and post-treatment care. A full medical history will be taken which is, of course, completely confidential. It is important to give full disclosure of any medication you are taking so that you will get the best results possible.
A contraindication is a specific situation in which a drug, procedure, or surgery should not be used because it may be harmful to the person. You may not have treatment if you
• Have broken skin or a skin infection
• Take aspirin or a product containing aspirin, as aspirin thins the blood
• Drink alcohol excessively – alcohol thins the blood and increases blood pressure so treatment will be unsuccessful
• Are deemed unsuitable for treatment by Dr Natalia following your consultation
Why Do We Get Broken Blood Vessels on our Face?
Blood vessels are extremely thin and are very easily broken or damaged.
Simple things like scrubbing the face too hard, using the wrong facial exfoliator or even rinsing excessively with hot water can cause blood vessels to burst. Your skin should never be “pink” or “rosy” after washing and should never feel raw after exfoliating.
Excessive sun exposure will damage the skin and will also cause capillaries to break. You’re then left with unsightly red spots on face. Pregnancy and childbirth are also associated with broken blood vessels on face, due to increased blood pressure. Some birth control pills will also cause blood vessels to break as well as some oestrogen therapies.
Age contributes to the likelihood of getting broken blood vessels on face, because as we get older, our body becomes more prone to damage due to cell regeneration slowing down. Poor diet and declining health all affect the body’s ability to regenerate itself, and capillaries become weaker in the process.
What is Short Wave Diathermy/Diathermic Coagulation?
Diathermic coagulation is a method to remove unsightly facial thread veins. A very fine needle is used to isolate each vein or capillary, and conducts an electrical current causing the blood in them to clot and the vessel to heal closed. This treatment does not use a laser.
What Kind of Blood Vessels May be Treated?
In general, all facial broken blood vessels can be treated once you are suitable for treatment.
How Many Treatments Will I Need?
Depending on the severity of visible facial blood vessels you may need a course of treatment with a minimum of 4 weeks between treatments. Dr Natalia will advise the best plan of treatment for you.
Is Treatment Painful?
Icing pre-treatment is extremely beneficial and numbs the area to be treated and for most patients is a suitable pain reliever. We have local anesthetic cream available.
The sensation is of a hot needle prick. Treatment can be painful for women at certain times of their menstrual cycle when sensitivity is increased.
What Should I expect Post-treatment?
Immediately after the treatment, the appearance of the blood vessels will be much improved. The treated area will be red, may feel hot, and there may be some local swelling which usually subsides within 24 hours.
It is not unusual to develop small scabs at the treatment site. These should be left alone and will fall off during the course of the next 7 days. These scabs will look similar in appearance to bramble scratches.
During the next 2 weeks the treated blood vessels may appear to recover and may look more noticeable than before – this is a normal part of the healing process. Gradually they will fade again.
The success of the treatment can be judged at 4-6 weeks.
• Do not touch treated area for 4-6 hours – you may only apply a cold compress to treated area
• Do not stretch the treated skin
• Do not take aspirin – if you need to take a pain killer you may take paracetamol or ibuprofen – consult with your GP or pharmacist for pain reliever suitable for your needs.
• Make-up should not be applied in the first 24 hours – ensure make-up brushers/applicators are clean thereafter
• Avoid the use of any potentially irritating skin care in the first 48 hours – be aware of shampoos/conditions that may flow onto your face in the shower
• Avoid hot showers or baths
• Avoid energetic exercise and swimming for 48 hours
• Do not pick or scratch area, in particular do not scratch any scabs that form – this may produce a scar or create a skin infection
What Can I Do to Minimize Reappearance of Thread Veins?
While it is not possible to completely avoid broken blood vessels, there are several ways to minimize the risk.
• Avoid extremes of temperature where possible
• Avoid hot showers and baths – heat causes blood vessels to dilate and break
• When washing face use warm water (never hot)
• Avoid sun exposure and use sunscreen
• When exfoliating skin with a scrub don’t rub heavily. Gentle, circular motions are sufficient. Only use a scrub which is formulated for the face.
• Limit alcohol intake. Alcohol increases blood pressure, causing veins to dilate. When the capillaries dilate repeatedly, they eventually lose their ability to contract. Eventually, they show up as broken blood vessels on face or other parts of the body.